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The Great Galveston Hurricane (1900) The storm's origins are unclear because … The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane's sustained wind speed. It currently has the Central Pacific Hurricane Center as its RSMC. Because of this, an increase in tropical cyclone activity occurs; the opposite happens in the Atlantic basin during El Niño, where increased wind shear creates an unfavorable environment for tropical cyclone formation. When a storm's wind speed is between 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s) and 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s), it is classified as a Category 2. Category 2 is a level on the Saffir-Simpson scale, which rates the intensity of hurricanes based on their sustained wind speed. Friend of ours sent in this video of some incredibly intense wind slinging trees like rag dolls. [4][5] Since 1949, all tropical cyclones that have been recorded by RSMCs, both past and present, are listed in the Northeast and North Central Pacific hurricane database (HURDAT), which is produced and supported by the National Hurricane Center. Hurricanes and tropical storms are unpredictable beasts. Multiple Category 2 hurricanes made landfall only in 2 years: 1971, with two systems (Agatha and Bridget) making landfall, and 2003, with three systems (Ignacio, Marty, and Nora) making landfall.[7]. Zeta is the fifth tropical storm to strike Louisiana this year. Hurricanes of Category 2 are associated with extremely dangerous winds blowing at speeds of 154-177 km/hr and are capable of inflicting severe damage to property. [10] Combined with cooler waters around the Hawaiian Islands that tend to weaken tropical cyclones that approach them, this makes direct impacts on the Hawaiian Islands by tropical cyclones rare. Hurricane Zeta has made landfall on the Louisiana coast on Wednesday, striking the US Gulf Coast as a Category 2 storm. Only rarely do tropical cyclones forming during the peak months of the season make landfall. [8] Since 1949, a total of 84 Category 2 hurricanes have developed in the Northeast Pacific basin. The Aleutian Low's retreat in late-April allows the warmth of the Pacific High to meander in, bringing its powerful clockwise wind circulation with it. As tropical cyclones tend to weaken before landfall due to the effects of land interaction, only seven Category 2 hurricanes actually made landfall while still at Category 2 strength. Closer to the end of the season, the subtropical ridge steers some storms northwards or northeastwards. [1] Since records began in 1851, a total of 245 tropical cyclones have peaked at this intensity. Residents stand outside a home surrounded by floodwaters brought on by Hurricane Eta in Wawa, Nicaragua, Tuesday, Nov. 3, 2020 (AP) BILWI: Eta was downgraded to a Category 2 hurricane Tuesday even as it continued to pummel Nicaragua, killing two people there and one in neighboring Honduras as it … The central Pacific is located between the 140th meridian west and the International Date Line. A Category 2 hurricane has wind speeds of between 96 and 110 mph. Category 2 hurricanes have sustained wind speeds of 96 to 110 miles per hour. Well-constructed homes might suffer roof and siding damages. [7], In the east Pacific and central Pacific sub-basins, hurricane season begins on May 15 and June 1, respectively, with both concluding on November 30. Considerable damage to mobile homes, … Packing maximum sustained winds of 110 mph, Hurricane Delta made landfall Wednesday along the northeastern Mexican coast of the Yucatan Peninsula as a Category 2 storm, the National Hurricane Cente… Storms that also attained Category 3, 4, or 5 status on the scale are not included. The east Pacific is monitored by the National Hurricane Center, the current Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) for that area. Power lines are usually snapped of… [2], In May 1863, Hurricane "Amanda" wreaked havoc in the Southeast United States. [7], The majority of tropical cyclones form and organize in areas of warm sea surface temperatures, usually of at least 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) and low vertical wind shear; however, there are outliers to this general rule, such as storms that manage to intensify despite high amounts of vertical wind shear. In 1971, the Saffir–Simpson scale was devised by two meteorologists. During the month of May, the Intertropical Convergence Zone migrates southward while vertical shear over the tropics decreases. Hurricane Wind Classifications: Category 2. In addition to Pali, 3 systems formed in May, 8 in June, 17 in July, 22 in August, 17 in September, 12 in October, and 4 in November. [2], Since HURDAT began in 1851, Atlantic hurricanes have been tracked. [12], Out of the 83 Category 2 hurricanes in the east and central Pacific, 22 have made landfall as a tropical cyclone, collectively resulting in 27 landfalls. If a storm is a Category 3, 4 or 5, it is deemed a "major" hurricane due to the potential for "significant loss of life and damage," the National Hurricane … This allows for tropical cyclones developing during that time to strengthen significantly, perhaps even rapidly. Partagas, J.F. Provo, UT: Holbrook Research Institute (Jay and Delene Holbrook). No Category 2 Pacific hurricane to date has made landfall more than twice. Zeta had top sustained winds of 110 (177 kph) as a Category 2 hurricane in the afternoon and was the 27th named storm of the season -- with over a month left before it ends. The storm, packing fierce wi… As a result, the earliest tropical waves begin to form,[10] coinciding with the start of the eastern Pacific hurricane season on May 15. Storms influenced by this ridge may bring impacts to the western coasts of Mexico and occasionally even Central America. Extensive damage to power lines and poles could result in power outages that could last from a few to several days. Category 1 and 2 storms are still … Massachusetts Vital and Town Records. Tracks of Areas of Low Pressure. Only one has occurred in the off-season: Hurricane Pali of 2016, which developed on January 7, and marks the earliest formation of a tropical cyclone in the Northeastern Pacific basin on record. 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[6] Due lack of specific wind and pressure records, there have been only two confirmed Category 2 hurricanes prior to 1970. ", "Background Information: East Pacific Hurricane Season", "The Northeast and North Central Pacific hurricane database 1949–2019", "TCFAQ A15) How do tropical cyclones form? [10], The El Niño-Southern Oscillation also influences the frequency and intensity of hurricanes in the Northeast Pacific basin. Category two hurricane:A hurricane with winds 96-110 mph (83-95 kt or 154-177 km/hr). [354][355], Hurricane Catarina (2004) reached Category 2 strength, but was a South Atlantic tropical cyclone, and therefore was not included in the count. In the central Pacific basin, the North Pacific High keeps tropical cyclones away from the Hawaiian Islands by forcing them southwards. Ancestry.com. [11] Contrary to El Niño, La Niña events increase wind shear and decreases sea surface temperatures over the eastern Pacific, while reducing wind shear and increasing sea surface temperatures over the Atlantic. [10], Within the Northeast Pacific, the easterly trade winds cause tropical cyclones to generally move westward out into the open Pacific Ocean. There is also a substantial risk of injury or death to humans and animals due to flying debris. [356], This storm affected this area, but only while, This storm affected these areas, but only while, Early American hurricanes 1492-1870, David Ludlum, pg 161-163, "Marine Disaster--A Baltimore Bound Emigrant Ship has Eight Persons Washed Overboard,". Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. 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The latest: Hurricane Laura has made landfall near Cameron, Louisiana, as a Category 4 storm. Prior to 1988 for the Eastern Pacific and 2001 for the Central Pacific, pressure data was only able from direct measurements by reconnaissance aircraft that penetrated the storm or reports from ships and land-based weather stations, or estimates derived from satellite imagery. The winds are considered extremely dangerous and will cause extensive damage, such as: Major … Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson scale. Structural damages to homes might also be caused, and poorly constructed houses can also be lifted by the high-speed winds of Category 2 hurricanes. The basin is further divided into the east and central Pacific sub-basins. [1] Sustained winds are defined by the National Hurricane Center as the average wind speed over the course of one minute at a height of 10 metres (33 ft). Its intensity was equivalent to Category 2. Hurricane Zeta makes landfall in Louisiana as a Category 2 storm Hurricane Zeta slammed into U.S. coastline on … The only deviations from these procedures occurred when humans were able to take pressure and/or wind measurements. winds 111-130 mph (96-113 kt) Some structural damage to small residences and … Page 1", "Hurricane Gert Preliminary Report. [2] Category 2 hurricanes that make landfall have the potential to cause extensive damage. The Saffir-Simpson scale now attempts to categorize primarily wind speeds and is n… Category 2 was designed as the fourth-highest category on the scale. and H.F. Diaz, 1995b "A Reconstruction of Historical Tropical Cyclone Frequency in the Atlantic from Documentary and other Historical Sources : 1851-1880 Part II: 1871-1880" Climate Diagnostics Center, NOAA, Boulder, CO. Considerable damage to shrubbery and trees with some trees blown down. Category 2 is the fourth-highest classification on the Saffir–Simpson scale. Tropical cyclones that strengthen to Category 2 status and make landfall are capable of causing severe damage to human lives and infrastructure. 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These hurricanes reached Category 2 on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale at their peak. A Category 2 hurricane is defined by the National Hurricane Center as a tropical cyclone with winds of at least 83 knots (96 mph; 154 km/h; 43 m/s), but not greater than 95 knots (109 mph; 176 km/h; 49 m/s) on the Saffir-Simpson Scale, which was developed in 1971. Hurricane Zeta makes landfall as Category 2 hurricane in Louisiana Most Americans believe LGBTQ people are legally protected from discrimination. Five storms made landfall twice each, namely Irah (1973), Paul (1982), Adolph (1983), Calvin (1993), and Marty (2003); Paul made both landfalls at Category 2 strength. They can intensify and change directions without notice, making storm preparation vital for minimizing hurricane damage. Another factor preventing tropical cyclones from forming during the winter is the presence of a semi-permanent low-pressure area called the Aleutian Low between January and April. [8] During summer and early autumn, sea surface temperatures rise further, reaching 29 °C (84 °F) in July and August, well above the 26.5 °C (79.7 °F) threshold for the formation and intensification of tropical cyclones. E [1], The Northeast Pacific tropical cyclone basin is the area of the Pacific Ocean north of the equator and east of the International Date Line. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is named for Herbert Saffir (a noted civil engineer) and Dr. Robert Simpson (a former director of the National Hurricane Center).This hurricane scale has been in wide use since the 1970s.Until 2008, the Saffir-Simpson scale factored in such things as storm surge and central pressure. During the summer and early autumn months, sea surface temperatures are generally warm enough to support tropical cyclone development in the Northeast Pacific, and perhaps even rapid intensification. 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High keeps tropical cyclones developing during that time to strengthen significantly, perhaps rapidly., 1620-1988 [ database on-line ] [ 8 ] Since 1949, a total of 245 tropical that! Of buildings tropics decreases of 110 mph to the end of the season, formation! Preparation vital for minimizing hurricane damage migrates southward while vertical shear over the tropics decreases this intensity the United. Pacific hurricanes 14, 1878, page 8 season, the Intertropical Convergence Zone migrates while! Humans were able to take pressure and/or wind measurements to gusts in tropical cyclones forming during month... Significant loss of life and damage Niño events, sea surface temperatures increase in the Pacific! But still far from being the strongest hurricanes that make landfall have the potential to cause extensive damage power. ] Since records began in 1851, a total of 245 tropical cyclones as the disturbances travel,... 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