The Kona Historical Society fulfills our mission to collect, preserve, and share Kona’s stories and unique sense of place through our many programs, both online and in-person. Due to the destruction and loss of life in 1946, a territory wide Tsunami Warning system was installed in 1948.Â This system successfully warned of a 1952 and 1957 tsunami.Â. Many were subsequently transferred to mainland camps. EAST HAWAII HISTORICAL SOCIETY. From Business: Hāwea Waipi'o Valley Adventure is a Hawaiian Cultural and educational experience. King Kamehameha V granted a charter for the âFirst Foreign Church of Hiloâ in 1868 (now First United Protestant Church). Our mission is to preserve the historic narratives and artifacts specific to our region while also inspiring a love of history in the… The morning of April 1, 1946, the Big Island was slammed by a tsunami that took 122 lives. Â While constructing the church, a near-magnitude 8 earthquake hit the island in April 1868, which lowered the foundation that was under construction by more than a foot. These factors are similar to those you might use to determine which business to select from a local Yellow Pages directory, including proximity to where you are searching, expertise in the specific services or products you need, and comprehensive business information to help evaluate a business's suitability for you. Pepeekeo Sugar Company (also known as the Hilo Coast Processing Company) extended four miles along ocean cliffs and from three to 18 miles mauka to 1600 feet in elevation on the slopes of Mauna Kea. History of Mauna Loa Eruptions, Honolulu Star Bulletin "Businesses that built Hawaii, Article on C Brewers & Co relocation to Hilo, The Seattle Times, âA little Hilo historyâ, Hawaii Plantation & Industrial Museum Hilo. A new eruption series began at Pu'u 'O'o-Kupaianaha on the island of Hawai'i. Hawaii sugar planters preferred to import Filipino labor for several reasons. The museum, next to the house, showcases the natural and cultural history of Hawaii. The Box Hill Historical Society is affiliated with the Royal Historical Society of Victoria and is a member of the Association of Eastern Historical Societies. The majority of newcomers leave Hilo within five years after becoming frustrated with cultural differences or finding separation from family problematic.Â Â Though reluctant to embrace new people, who will most likely move away, the people of Hilo simultaneously desire new energy, ideas, friends, and financial resources added to their community. German immigrant Heinrich Hackfeld and his brother in law founded H. Hackfeld & Co. which became an agent of sugar plantations. Many of these programs are free to visitors and students, thanks to our thriving community of members. On January 13, 1903 one hundred and two Korean immigrants disembarked the. Hamakua Sugar Company was formed as a consolidation of 7 original plantations: Hamakua Mill Company, Honokaa Sugar, Kaiwiki Sugar, Kukaiau Plantation Co., Laupahoehoe Sugar, Paauhau Sugar Plantation and Pacific Sugar Mill. Online Historical References for Hawaii The eruption has also added more than 280 acres of new land to Hawai'i island and continues today to change the shape of the coastline, General Lyman Field airport is changed to Hilo International Airport (ITO). In 1956, due to the increase in mechanical harvesting, the Pepeekeo Sugar company labor force of 460 was reduced to 400. Merrie Monarch Hula Festival was created in 1964 to perpetuate, preserve and promote the art of hula.Â In 1971 the event became competitive and now the yearly performances are usually sold-out and attended by people from all over the world and broadcast on statewide television.Â Â, Merrie Monarch event displaying Hula talent in Hilo. The families that remained in Hilo through 200 years of travails, in some cases rebuilding the town multiple times, have a special connection to town and surrounding land.Â They are tough people that have withstood many hardships and prevailed. US-based fruit and sugar plantations in Hawaii started recruiting Japanese immigrants, as laborers for the sugar cane and pineapple plantation sending agents to Japan to sign long-term contracts with young men.Â. By 1909, 639 Filipino workers had come to Hawaii and by 1910, there were 2,915. From 1911 to 1920, an estimated 3,000 Filipino workers arrived yearly. Lava originating from a central lava lake (Kupaianaha) flowed to the ocean through a network of lava tubes. October 14, 1889 Pepeekeo Sugar Company was incorporated, with H. Hackfeld & Co. as agents. Please contact the business for updated hours/services due to the COVID-19 advisory. Lovecraft. The H.P. In contrast, 157,000 Japanese-Americans were living in the Hawaiian Islands. Dorband-Howe House Museum Address: 2035 West 183rd Street, Homewood, IL 60430 708-799-1896 [email protected] Facebook: @realhomewoodhistorical Polynesians arrived in the Hilo area. In the 1930s, Filipinos had replaced the Japanese as the largest ethnic group of workers in the plantations. The consortium changed the name to American Factors (Amfac). Â The company was later to become the foundation of Amfac, later known as one of Hawaiiâs Big 5). The Historical Society of the Somerset Hills has no paid staff. The Territory of Hawaii was created on July 7, 1898 when congress passed the Newlands Resolution.Â Contract labor was forbidden and children born on the island were American citizens. Records & Indexes | Research Help Records & Indexes Historical data and primary source materials. Hilo / ˈ h iː l oʊ / (Hawaiian pronunciation: ) is the largest city and census-designated place (CDP) in Hawaii County, Hawaii, United States, which encompasses the Island of Hawaiʻi.The population was 43,263 according to the 2010 census.. Hilo is the county seat of the County of Hawaiʻi and is in the District of South Hilo. The Filipino History site Honpa Hongawnji Hilo Betsuin "The Hawaii Tropical Botanical Gardens halfway the drive are a must-see if you like tropical plants and flowers, and are one of our favorite short hikes on the Big Island." Great Depression.Â Â As a result of the Depression, 7,300 workers were repatriated to the Philippines. Historical Society of Washington, D.C. None See also. Kamehameha bought the ship Columbia for the price of two ships of sandalwood. It is important to know our history and where we come from. The Seattle Times, âA little Hilo historyâ Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument, Pu'uhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park, American Society Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - ASPCA, Marriage, Family, Child & Individual Counselors. East Hawaii Cultural Center in Hilo is housed in a former police station built in 1932. The workday was long, the labor exhausting, and, both on the job and off, the workers' lives were strictly controlled by the plantation owners. The law also restricted immigration to the U.S. to only fifty Filipinos each year. It holds workshops, music events, plays, arts shows every month. They inhabited Hilo Bay establishing farms and fishing communities. Book effortlessly online with Tripadvisor! East Hawaii Historical Society is a Hawaii Domestic Non-Profit Corporation filed on October 26, 1995. On his return, in 1789, he stopped in Hawaii bringing with him 50 Chinese carpenters, several whom stayed on the Big Island under the charge of Kamehameha the 1st. When the town was rebuilt, a large park and roadway were situated between the buildings and the shoreline to absorb future tidal waves. The dancers give you eye contact, the music is uplifting, and the scent of the leis and colors fill your senses. YP - The Real Yellow PagesSM - helps you find the right local businesses to meet your specific needs. The Tydings-McDuffie Law was passed creating the Philippine Commonwealth, a ten year transition government prior to Philippine independence. Their remote settlement was created 2000 miles from the American continent and minimally affected by the European Anglo culture of the mainland United States. On August 21, 1959 Hawaii became the 50th State of the United States by proclamation of Dwight D. Eisenhower.Â Â The 50 star flag became the 27th flag of the US on July 4, 1960. Initially, internees from Hilo were kept at the Kilauea Military Camp on the Island of Hawaii. The military ruled Hawaii until October 24, 1944. The warehouse could store 24,000 bags of sugar, which were loaded onto interisland steamers by steel cables from the sea cliff. 81-6551 Mamalahoa Highway (Hwy 11) Greenwell Store Open Mondays and Thursdays from 10 am – 2 pm (808) 323-3222. is a general Silent Hill fan site with the latest news on the new games, movies, interviews and even a podcast from the point of view of a long time fan!. The Japanese government lifted the restriction on immigration to Hawaii.Â Â Â Within 5-6 years more than 40,000 Japanese came.Â Many moved on the west coast of the United States. The Hoosick Township Historical Society and the Louis Miller Museum are located within the beautiful village of Hoosick Falls. These are extraordinary times, and our lives have been forever changed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Hawaii National Park established. In Laupahoehoe Point waves destroyed teacherâs residences and flooded school grounds, killing 25 students and teachers.Â, The Department of Justice sued to challenge the majority ownership of Matson Navigation by four of the Big 5. In addition to the three days of hula competition, there are hula demonstrations all week long, a traditional Hawaiian crafts fair, a huge Merrie Monarch Parade, and a festival. In Hawaii fewer than 1,800 Japanese Americans were taken into custody compared to the 100,000 on the mainland. During the California gold rush, whaling vessels showed up in Hilo to stock up with fresh water and supplies.Â As many as 50 to 100 ships were docked in Hilo at a time.Â The fleets eventually stopped coming to Hilo after the Civil war due to being mostly destroyed by confederate ships. Davies & Co. served as agents from 1892 to 1904, when C. Brewer & Co. purchased control. December 7, the Japanese empire attacked Pearl Harbor. In March 1946Â Hanomu Sugar Co. merged with Pepeekeo, but Pepeekeo Sugar showed a loss of $141,430, the first loss in 10 years. Kona Historical Society H.N. Unlike many Hawaiian cities, Hilo has never experienced huge tourist draws, which means it has stayed true to the state’s pre-World War II persona and is home to plantation-style architecture and historic storefronts. Student members of this society are eligible to present papers at the regional PAT conference and, in past years, have received top honors for outstanding undergraduate writing. If your organization is not listed in our directory, all you need to do is fill out a simple form. The British blockaded Hawaii for 2 years as a result of the War of 1812. The Bay Ridge Historical Society meets on the third Wednesdays of most months, with breaks in the summer and winter. Though the people of Hilo are polite, newcomers (âmalihiniâ) are considered outsiders.Â Mainlanders often create expectations of their life in Hawaii from visits to Hawaiian resorts and are sometimes disappointed. The strike was defeated. Native Hawaiians and Polynesians have called the island of Hawaii their home for a long time; most references say since 1100.Â Â Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, Koreans, and Portuguese in Hilo were recruited long before Hawaii was a State or even a territory of the United States as contract workers on sugarcane plantations. YP, the YP logo and all other YP marks contained herein are trademarks of YP LLC and/or YP affiliated companies. Hilo Railroad Company begins operations on the Big Island. Â The companies cooperated to keep prices of their products high and the extent of power that they enjoyed was considered by some as equivalent to an oligarchy. A small parish school of 42 students was established in Hilo for the purpose of teaching English to native Hawaiians.Â The school was named St. Joseph. Captain Cook moored in Kealakekua Bay on the Kona coast of the island of Hawaii.Â The Hawaiian islandsâ Â population is estimated to be between 200,000 to 400,000 at that time.Â The people had a rich culture and had explored the oceans yet had no written language, metal or clay for pottery. Also commonly known as rusticated concrete block, you can often find these…. By contributing their talents to help with our programs and projects, scores of local volunteers, from high school students to retirees keep THSSH operating. A 1919 a Philippine investigator, reported that the Filipino plantation workers worked at least 10 hours a day, six days a week, 27 days a month for 90 cents a day or $20/month.Â The worked under extremely difficult conditions with poor housing and complained of abusive plantation foreman. A âGentlemenâs Agreementâ was drawn up between the US and Japan and the Japanese immigrants to Hawaii were stopped.Â With the passage of the Immigration Act in 1924, Japanese were excluded from immigration to the US, The Great Strike occurred by Japanese laborers in Oahu who demanded higher wages and an end to the discriminatory wage differential based on ethnicity. My research focuses on Shinmachi but is not limited to that area. After seeing us repeatedly in the same social situations, people in Hilo began to warm up to us. The Mahele of 1848 divided the land between the King, the nobles (aliâi) and the people and for the first time permitted private ownership of the land. The strike ended after a six month standoff by which time the workers received increased wages, abolishment of wage differentials, and changes in the bonus system. The Stoneham Historical Society's inaugural Field Trip series was recently launched with a small group of members and guests enjoying a VIP tour of the Commonwealth Museum at 220 Morrissey Blvd in Boston - adjacent to the JFK Library. Improvements have continued since its opening and the theater has a steady calendar of events and movies. A&B acquired 94 percent of Matson, buying out the other three firms for $22 million. Independent Historical Societies; A History of the Genealogical Society of Utah. They take the time to have deep conversations about life and the world. Filipinos were viewed as a leverage, an alternative labor to use against Japanese workers who were staging strikes to improve their conditions in the plantations and the Filipinos had agrarian experience and were industrious and hardworking. Direct mainland flights to Hilo began by United and Pan Am. Chinese immigrants are credited with being the first in Hawaii to refine sugar. Unlike the mainland, people here have traveled widely and in most cases have two or more cultures integrated into their family life. Hula is inclusive, the audience participates, young and old, women and men, everyone is a part of it. H. Hackfeld & Co. was seized by the US government along with other German assets and sold to a consortium of Hawaii business men. List of historical societies; Lists of U.S. state topics; External links This page was last edited on 20 February 2020, at 18:36 (UTC). We have found the people in Hilo to be very generous and kind and love the diversity of the people and their amazing experiences. Liholiho, King Kamehameha II, and one of his wives died of illness while in London on a visit. Hawaii Plantation & Industrial Museum Hilo The people are very down to earth, preferring T-shirts over touristy Aloha-style. The Morgan Hill Historical Society and Museum recognize the importance of capturing this history and would like to ask the communities of Morgan Hill, Coyote, Madrone and San Martin to help us document community experiences and preserve them for future generations. YP advertisers receive higher placement in the default ordering of search results and may appear in sponsored listings on the top, side, or bottom of the search results page. Hilo, HI 96720 2. Upstairs is a history of the Polynesians and Hawaiians and many artifacts. Wailoa Center. It also has an impressive set of displays about the formation of the Hawaiian islands and its volcanos. Search Collections Search a wealth of records and images from MNHS collections. The Historic Palace Theater in downtown Hilo was originally built in 1925 and considered the grandest outer Island movie hall in Hawaii. Â The territory economy was based on sugar and pineapple. Merrie Monarch is the largest event in Hilo, but the East Hawaii Cultural Center, Palace Theater, Lyman's Museum, and UH Performng Center have events year round. The theater has an enormous organ that is played in many of their events. “Preferred” listings, or those with featured website buttons, indicate YP advertisers who directly provide information about their businesses to help consumers make more informed buying decisions. Pepeekeo Sugar Company ceased operations.Â Continental Pacific LLC, based in Florida purchased the property and created individual parcels for sale. Whether you're conducting research online or using the History Center's renowned Gale Family Library, these essential tools, materials and services will provide information and guidance. Since then they have had much anticipated interest in … Kauikeaouli, younger brother of King Kamehameha II becomes King Kamehameha III at age 9. The Metcalf plantation outside of Hilo was purchased and the name changed to Pepeekeo Sugar Company. The Hilo Besuin Buddhist worship was built in Hilo.Â Hilo Betsuin is the oldest Shin organization in the West. For the first time in its 121-year history, two Hilo residents will lead the board of the Hawaiian Historical Society. At its peak Amfac owned 60,000 acres of land and was a dominate sugar company and founder of Liberty House department stores. Â The late 1950s brought numerous union slowdowns, walkouts, and shutdowns to Pepeekeo.Â Pepeekeo and Hakalau sugar companies merged in 1963. Feb 17, 2021 - Looking to get inspired on your trip to Hilo? The Kuwahara store was one of the few structures on the ocean side of Kamehameha Ave in Hilo to survive. Hilo, HI 96720 3. By 1923 indigenous Hawaiians population had dwindled to 16%.Â The largest percentage of Hawaiiâs population was Japanese. Shipman House history The State Historical Society of Iowa has been a trustee of Iowa’s historical legacy since 1857. The Historical Society’s public lecture series was on hiatus in 2020 due to the public health crisis, but meetings will resume virtually in 2021. Central Christian Church is a wonderful church to be part of the Family of God.\r \r The church is multi-ethnic and diverse church, open to the…, From Business: The Smithsonian-affiliated Lyman Museum tells the story of Hawaii’s islands and people through its exhibits on Hawaii’s volcanic origins, flora and fauna found…, From Business: Tsunami history and education for the the state of Hawaii as well as exhibits of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, 2011 Japan tsunami and other locally generated…. Moultrie County Historical Society. Located within the Swan Hill Regional Library. Through the History Club students have participated in community activities such as Toys for Tots and food bank drives, excursions to historic sites, and film nights. Provides information on forthcoming events, Society holding and publications and members research interests. Theo H Davies & Co (later known as one of Hawaiiâs Big 5) was founded by two Englishmen originally as a small trading company called Starkey, Janion & Co.Â Davies took control in 1881 and added sugar plantations to the company interests. David Kalakaua, known as the Merrie Monarch, became King of the Hawaii Kingdom.Â He reigned until his death in 1891.Â King David Kalakaua was a patron of the arts and restored extinct, cultural traditions of the Hawaiian people including myths and legends and the hula which had been forbidden for 70 years by missionaries. Dissolved and its File Number is 102104 D2. In addition to controlling Hawaii's sugar industry, A&B, Amfac, C. Brewer and Castle & Cooke together owned nearly three-quarters of Matson, and Matson carried 80 percent of all cargo shipped between the mainland and Hawaii. Discover the past of Hilo on historical maps. The result was that land ownership started transferring to European and American planters. Kamehameha the Great completed the unification of Hawaii beginning the transformation from a feudal society to a constitutional monarchy. Honolulu Star Bulletin "Businesses that built Hawaii" First contact with China dates back to 1787 when an English merchant stopped in Hawaii on his way from N. Am to China and met with the chief of Kauai who accompanied him to Canton, China on his trip to trade furs for Chinese goods. Five 18th and 19th century buildings, 12 period rooms, exhibitions and a Colonial herb garden. After our first Merrie Monarch, we were hooked. 'A'a lava flows built an 800-foot cinder cone at Pu'u 'O'o. All other marks contained herein are the property of their respective owners. Japanese and Filipino labor leaders staged a strike on Oahu. The Wilton Historical Society Museum is currently closed to visitors. The Hawaiian Sugar cane plantations lobbied the U.S. Congress and were able to gain exemption from the law which guaranteed a steady Filipino labor supply until the onset of World War II. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Broome County Historical Society had to change their monthly meetings and programs from in-person to online. The company has 10 principals on record. C. Brewer, was one of the state's largest agricultural companies and moved its offices to a former sugar mill on a 10.34-acre site at Wainaku Point, overlooking Hilo Bay.Â. The museum has a large collection of rocks, minerals and shells. The Hawaii constitution was modified.Â Called the Bayonet Constitution, the house of Nobles for the first time had to be elected and reduced the Kings veto power. Search results are sorted by a combination of factors to give you a set of choices in response to your search criteria. A new lava flow broke out on the northeast rift zone of Mauna Loa eruption and headed toward Hilo.Â The flow was bombed using planes to attempt to stop it.Â The flow stopped soon afterwards. The Tsunami Warning system had been established for over 10 years and residents stopped taking the warnings as seriously.Â On May 23, 1960, Hilo was hit with another tidal wave that left 537 buildings in ruins and 61 dead despite the warning system. For many Japanese immigrants, most of whom had worked their own family farms back home, the relentless toil and impersonal scale of industrial agriculture was unbearable, and thousands fled to the mainland before their contracts were up. Sign Up Now. Â Â Theo H. Davies was sold in 1973 to Jardine Matheson & Co., a British firm based in Hong Kong. Greenwell Store Museum and Kona Coffee Living History Farm. T.H. 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