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This work is necessitated on the premise that no state in the modern times can avoid involvement in international affairs, and this involvement must be systematic and based on certain principles. The nature of regimes matters much less than commonly thought: countries, including the United States, should deal with other states based on their foreign policy behavior rather than on whether they are democracies. The paper adopted a historical approach backed by textual analysis of secondary data which it relied heavily upon and these informed the findings, conclusion and recommendations that followed. These findings show the interdependence of the government, Parliament and officials in the atomic matters. It examines the broader regional implications of conflict due to refugee flows, proliferation of weapons and spill over effects of insecurity. In other words, national interest becomes different strokes for different folks, depending on how each perceives and wishes it. Policy // International Journal of Academic Research the comity of nation and some major sanction were lifted. The study of foreign policy as a rational choice process is undergoing a sea change in its focus and in its impact on policy choices. Essentially, they all strive towards an epistemological construction and definition of the thrust of Nigeria's foreign policy. A. The aim of this research is to analyze the foreign policy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, focusing on the various changes that took place in Nigerian foreign policy since Independent, and specifically upon the election of President M. Buhari. However, diplomatic relations were established with the coming of colonial officers with such establishments like the consular authority in 1847 and the famous amalgamation of 1914. Keywords: Nigeria, National Interest, Foreign Policy, Abacha, Regime. All too frequently, the analysis and understanding of the dynamics of these conflicts are reduced to primitive arguments on ‘weak governance’ and corruption as an explanation for state failure and internal conflict. Using the National Interest Theory (NRT) for a historical-descriptive discourse, the underlying issues found include the fact that in the case of Nigeria, as vital as the concept is both to the existence of a nation and as a source for the analysis of foreign policy behaviour of states, national interest has been subject to exploitation. Introduction Man is a social being, which means friendships and relations have been in existence between humans since the beginning of human creation, arguably the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle once said "man by nature is a political animal". overwhelming success (Ogidan.P. In negotiating amity diplomats appealed to moral, affective, and contractual obligations simultaneously. Friendship was ultimately grounded in mutual trust, which was established by personal encounters and reinforced through law and ritual. Keywords: atomic bomb, atom, Great Britain, parliament, foreign policy, 1945, 1946, United States, Anglo-American relations. It reflects Aron’s conviction that foreign policy and systemic dynamics must not be separated: he examines (1) theory (focused equally on the unity, means, and goals of foreign policy, as well as international systems, polarity, and war), (2) sociology (the “determinants and constants” of foreign policy), (3) history (focused on the nuclear revolution), and (4) praxeology. 4, One of the persistent frustrations for peace and security researchers is the often simplistic approach taken to understanding conflict, peace, security and regional and global relations within and, Is the world destined to suffer endless cycles of conflict and war? Nigeria’s foreign policy from 1976 to 1979 placed her in a position that made other African countries to regard her as the “Power of Africa”. Continuity and change in policy and Perceptions, interest in nigerian foreign policy: A focus on abacha To this end, now the understanding of foreign policy, it"s that type of action a state embarks upon in its interactions with other member states in the international environment, in the process of striving to attain its goals and objectives. This, the paper argues, marks a shift in paradigm when compared with the past when African issues dominated Nigeria’s attention. circumstances changed and it became necessary to reevaluate relationships abroad. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. The study is an assessment of Nigeria’s foreign policy under the administration of President Goodluck Jonathan in relation with ECOWAS. Methodologically, it employs the use of descriptive analysis relying solely on secondary information for data generation and analysis. The paper holds that there is a mix of internal causes and exogenous factors determining the course of Nigerian foreign policy. Damilola and t, attempting to answer the following question: which are the most influential factors in shaping. 1.0 Introduction National interest is the condiment that adds taste to the execution and implementation of foreign policy of any state. Previous research has presented limited views on British early atomic proliferation in the contexts of domestic policy and Anglo-American relations. South African Foreign Policy and African Drivers This essay considers the application of amity in Anglo-Imperial, Anglo-Schmalkalden, and Anglo-Scottish contexts in 1542–1560 as a basis for comparative analysis. Nigeria has an ambitious foreign policy but an ambiguous, unscripted, not well defined and inconsistent national interest. Click Download for free ebooks. q•ÙA£Ñ’3É4 ÷\it­‰‚U¦ÄïOVÉj•,6»Þd—œV»Ån-V«S»`\2hԚD­NÔÚE“(õ:Ñh5™R;¿:ê Ïü0ÆÞ%Œ$œÄÔÛ2±ã\e“ƒÁ`0IaÏf¤ÏThµzr&™äž+­^«3S°Êœ˜Ùmii6«Ãa0;lî4‡Õ‘f±¥Ù3íi‰^È%ƒ&½hÑé-ºt‹Ùb1õ³çY© vܜ`âÆÞ%Œ$œÄüÊ:±ã. Interest, Continuities and Flaws in Nigeria Foreign Aside the fact that this is not good for a country that pursues an ambitious external agenda and incongruent with its stature in global politics; it also makes the concept and reality of national interest susceptible to personalized interpretations, manipulations and distortions by the different political regimes. Boston University Libraries. Diplomacy, not economic interdependence, is the currency of peace; concessions and strategic accommodation promote the mutual trust needed to build an international society. The goal of this study is to illustrate the factors which, within one year, led to a change from public, proactive and internationalist policy to a secret, reactive and realist approach. Notable scholars on Nigerian external relations such as Akinyemi, Aluko, Gambari, Birai etc demonstrated the influence of domestic conditions on the country’s attitude and behaviour to other actors in the international system. This paper thus makes a case for the codification and documentation of Nigeria " s national interest. In fact, political friendship’s inherent legal ambiguity allowed the Tudors to work around the strictures of existing international treaties when diplomatic. This view has been repeated without any critical evaluation by other historians ever since. Ile Ife: College Press. A state The next section of the paper accomplishes this analytic move by examining Nigerian foreign policy. • *Hill, Christopher 2003: The Changing Politics of Foreign Policy, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan • Hook, Steven 2002: Comparative Foreign Policy: Adaptation Strategies of the Great and Emerging Powers, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. Theories Of US Foreign Policy. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. ISSN 2289-1552 2016. A theory of foreign policy aims to explain what makes a state to employ a certain type of foreign policy at a specific point of time as Rose (1998) has defined: A theory of foreign policy is able to ‘explain what states try to achieve in the external realm and when they try to achieve it’ (Rose 1998, p.145). Against the backdrop of Nigeria’s comprehensive framework for transforming herself into one of the twenty leading economies by the year 2020, this paper examines the foreign policy initiatives of current Nigeria’s President Goodluck Jonathan. again received in the comity of Nations. The findings also shows that more than external challenges, it is the internal challenges that are dampening Nigeria's attainment of positive international image and national transformation. atomic matters and that everything was ran by the government or the Cabinet or the inner circle of the Cabinet. A study in Nigeria’s foreign policy over time has quite often under scored the potency of its domestic contents. A constant feature that has remained central to Nigeria’s foreign policy architecture has been Africa, with preoccupations concerning fighting colonialism, apartheid and the discrimination of black peoples in the African continent and elsewhere in the world. Successive leadership of the country has hidden under the cover of national interest to perpetuate their individual interests. For students of foreign policy, the linkage theory is an elementary explanation of how internal factors help in shaping and giving definition to the quality and direction of foreign policy. Safeguarding a nation"s national interest is then the basic aim of a nation"s foreign policy. This empirical study uses formerly secret archival sources of the government, diplomatic correspondence, and Hansard Parliamentary debates, supplemented with press material. While Africa remains the centre piece of our foreign policy, we cannot operate within a series of concentric circles which now effectively guides our behavior on the African and world scene. It gives a useful balance of analysis on socio-cultural and environmental dynamics which transcend national boundaries, such as the influx and out-flux of refugee flows, insurgency, transnational conflict and crime in the Sahel. Focusing primarily on Stevenson’s advisors, long-standing problems in the Democrats’ strategy on foreign relations, coupled with the emotional attachments that several key advisors, The atomic bomb shaped the post-war world and the relations between Britain and the United States. Its delicateness and sensitivity have made it reactive to different momentary realities. “Africa is the Cornerstone of Nigeria’s foreign policy” while the question of African United had become an “article of finth (Jibril, 2004). 1. www.hrmars.com/journals, Nigeria and the global powers: Continuity and change in policy and Perceptions, South African Foreign Policy and African Drivers Programme. In, to the work of such organizations as the United, in this respect is the domestic environment which acts as the, developed by Charles Hermann in his article „Changing, From the foregoing, the narrative proves that, that each, stressed on word peace, the respect for sovereignty and, Programme. It is also the analysis problem. The probability for carrying out such acts is very high because Nigeria " s national interest lacks proper codification and documentation. most important factors in this analysis is both domestic and external. Foreign policy is basically the mirror of domestic policy, but it will be insufficient, this be the only focus on analysis, as the most important factors in this analysis is both domestic and external. In his comment, Dr. Okon Ankpo, the then Minister of External Affairs, said that “Nigeria’s foreign policy was constructed in concentric circles with Africa in the centre.” his predecessor (Chidozie F, Ibietan J, Ujara E, 2014). Occasional Paper Series (SAIIA) No 96. Foreign Policy: Changes under Vladimir, foreign-policy-changes-under-vladimir-putin/, http://dspace.africaportal.org/jspui/bitstream/12345678, 9/29853/1/An%20analysis%20of%20Nigerian%20poli, https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309391029_, Nigeria%27s_Foreign_Policy_and_Codification_of_N, nigerian-foreign-policy-advantages-and-disadvantage, https://greenthesis.wordpress.com/2012/10/23/critical. This apparent look of focus has led to a chronic inability to provide a base for Nigeria’s foreign policy as was the case in other countries of the world. Programme. Secondly, Nigeria lacked the economic infrastructure to use economy as a major instrument of diplomatic engagement. The study reveals that Nigeria's foreign policy over the years has been greatly sabotaged by inconsistencies and ambiguities. It was mere hype. This was especially the case if two parties challenged a consensus in the international community. Nigeria since independence, lacks a coherent and well thought-out national ideology with which the interest of the country could be identified and pursued at all times. Our contention in this work is to highlight the consistency of Nigeria with foreign policies. 5, issue 2, (October). Its foreign practitioners and analysts often define Nigerian interests as operating within four concentric circles. Africa face-off was highly welcomed by Nigerians. She played the big brother role and pursued the policy of decolonization of African countries. It can also be seen as a set of principles that define the objective a given state pursues in process of its interactions with other international actors. President Buhari’s polished chief of staff, Professor Ibrahim Gambari, once made a significant contribution to the theory of Nigeria’s foreign policy. All of these contradicting paradigms affected the British government’s possibilities of conducting atomic foreign policy. The study aimed at examining whether or not Nigeria’s foreign policy under former President onathan contributed in improving the image of Nigeria globally. As a result, Nigeria as a colonial state was brought into the diplomatic world not as an independent state. 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